|Present day Nagpur was originally created by merging a settlement of 12 small hamlets collectively called "Rajpur Barsa" till 1686 A.D. It was inhabited by Gonds and Adivasis living on the hilly tracts around the wooden fort of Deogarh. Nagpur appears as a single city only later under the rule by local chieftains in different periods.
Deogarh capital of Gonds rose to prominence in late 17th and early 18th centuries, when it encompassed all of present day Chhindwara, Nagpur, Bhandara, Seoni, Balaghat, Betul and Hoshangabad districts. The reign gained prominence and enjoyed power for nearly 200 years from Raja Jatba's reign.
In late 17th century Prince Bakht Buland entered the service of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and gained royal favor by his military prowess and converting to Islam. He returned from Delhi with a number of craftsmen and farmers, both Hindu and Muslim and enlarged his dominions by establishing new towns and villages including Nagpur.
Bakht Buland Shah formed Nagpur city after 1686 and named it so after the snake lord Naga and the Nag Rivulet by which the city was located. Bakht Buland Shah’s son Chand Sultan became the king in 1706 and made Nagpur his capital by shifting his court from Deogarh Fort.